Updated at: 24-09-2021 - By: Lucas

Pumps come in many different types. Each type has its own purpose and it is very important to know what type of pump you are using. Without knowing the type of pump you are using, you will not be able to do anything correctly with the pump.

In this article, we are going to discuss the different types of pumps and what each of them does. Hopefully, by the end of this article, you will know what type of pump you have and you will also know how to use it properly.

Vertical Centrifugal Pumps

Vertical Centrifugal Pumps

A vertical centrifugal pump is the most common type of pump you will find on a farm. A vertical centrifugal pump is very different from a horizontal centrifugal pump. With a vertical centrifugal pump, the impeller is positioned at the top of the pump and the shaft that connects the impeller to the motor is positioned vertically downwards. 

This positioning allows the entire assembly to be much smaller than it would be if the impeller were attached to the end of the shaft like a horizontal centrifugal pump.

This positioning also has the advantage of allowing the pump to be mounted in almost any orientation. A vertical centrifugal pump can be mounted horizontally, vertically, or even upside down!

Horizontal Centrifugal Pumps

A horizontal centrifugal pump is a very efficient pump that uses rotary motion instead of reciprocal motion like a standard pump. Horizontal centrifugal pumps consist of an impeller that is connected to a shaft by means of a bearing. 

The bearing allows the shaft to rotate freely while the impeller is attached to it. As the shaft turns, it creates a centripetal force that forces the liquid being pumped to the outer edge of the impeller. This causes the liquid to be forced upward and out of the pump.

Horizontal centrifugal pumps are typically used in low pressure applications because the force created by the impeller is not very strong. Horizontal centrifugal pumps are quiet, have no vibration, and require little maintenance. 

They are also much more compact than other types of pumps and therefore can be used in places where other pumps cannot be used. Horizontal centrifugal pumps are often used in water filtration systems, cooling towers, and in other low-pressure applications.

Submersible Pumps

Submersible Pumps

Submersible pumps are probably the best choice for a new well installation. They are much more efficient than surface pumps and last much longer. A good submersible pump will last 20 to 30 years or more and will save you thousands of dollars in maintenance costs.

A submersible pump is basically a very large, heavy object that has been completely sealed off from the atmosphere. It is then lowered into the well and is attached to the bottom of the string of pipe. The entire string of pipe is then lowered into the well until it reaches the desired depth. 

Once the entire string of pipe is in the well, the submersible pump is turned on and starts sucking water out of the bottom of the well and up through the inside of the string of pipe. This water is then pumped to the surface through another piece of pipe.

Fire Hydrant Systems

A fire hydrant system is simply a network of hydrants that supply water to a community when there is a fire. It is usually installed near the center of a neighborhood. There will be one hydrant for each 2,000 to 4,000 people in the area. 

The main reason for this is that it takes too long for a fire engine to get to a hydrant located far away from the fire. Another advantage is that a hydrant located close to a home or business keeps the water supply more secure.

Most communities have a fire department that maintains and inspects the fire hydrants. This means that if a hydrant gets damaged or defective, then the fire department will fix it or replace it with one that is in good working order.

Diaphragm Pumps

Diaphragm Pumps

A diaphragm pump is a mechanical device with a flexible bladder which is attached to a spring. The bladder is connected to a hose that leads to a container. As the bladder fills with water, it expands and pushes the water out through the hose. This action is repeated over and over.

Diaphragm pumps are very common in the home and garden industry. They are used to deliver water to plants and keep them from getting too dry. Diaphragm pumps are also used to fill pools and spas. When you use a diaphragm pump, it creates a constant stream of water. You don’t have to prime it or anything like that. It will keep running no matter what. This makes them great for long-term installations.

Gear Pumps

A gear pump is a mechanical device that uses the action of gears to pump liquids or gases. It is especially useful for low-pressure applications such as fuel injection and air conditioning. A gear pump consists of two parts: a pump housing and a pump shaft. The pump housing has several cavities in it. Each cavity contains a different-sized gear. 

As the pump shaft is turned, the gears in each successive pair of cavities mesh together, thereby transferring the rotation of the shaft to the adjacent pair of cavities. This process continues until all of the gears in the pump have meshed with a corresponding gear in the pump housing. 

At this point, the process is reversed and the turning movement of the shaft is transferred from the last set of gears to the first set of gears. This action forces liquid or gas out of the pump.

A gear pump has several advantages over a positive displacement pump. It is much quieter, it requires less maintenance, and it has fewer parts. A gear pump also has the ability to create much higher pressure than a positive displacement pump.

Peristaltic Pumps

Peristaltic Pumps

 A peristaltic pump is an efficient, low-maintenance way to transfer liquids without using a mechanical or electric motor. A peristaltic pump uses a long, narrow tube with cams (little ratchets) along its length to create a squeezing action on the inside of the tube. 

This action forces liquid out of the tube through a one-way valve at the bottom. The cams are synchronized with a gear-like rotor that turns inside the tube. This gear-like rotor causes the cams to squeeze the tube more or less equally.

This even pressure keeps the pump from clogging and ensures efficient operation. Peristaltic pumps are typically used in medical applications such as dialysis, but they can also be used in a variety of other applications. These pumps are very reliable and can be expected to last the life of the device they’re in.

It has two basic models: the manual model and the motorized model. A motorized peristaltic pump is quieter, has less chance of getting clogged and needs less priming. However, it is bulkier and more expensive. 

The manual model is cheaper but you have to manually squeeze the bulb to start the flow of fluid. This means that you have to be right there next to the pump for the entire period of time that the pump is running. If you are not, the fluid transfer will be incomplete.

Lobe Pumps

A lobe pump is a type of mechanical hand pump that uses one or two pistons to force liquid from a container. A handle is attached to a rod that is attached to the piston. Turning the handle moves the piston up and down which forces liquid out of the container.

Lobe pumps are useful for forcing liquids like water or fuel out of a container, such as a gas tank. Lobe pumps are very common on boats because they are an efficient way to get water out of a boat when it gets full. 

This allows you to keep your boat dry and ready for use. Lobe pumps are also used on land to pump water out of a well or to empty a sump pump. They can be found in a variety of sizes from little more than a pencil size to over 12 inches in length.

Piston Pumps

Piston Pumps

Piston pumps are one of the best inventions for dispensing liquids. They are commonly used in gas stations, convenience stores, bars, and restaurants. They are simple to use and clean. They are also durable and dependable.

A piston pump consists of a small, vertical cylinder with a rubber-like piston at the bottom. The piston divides the inside of the cylinder into two sections. When you push down on the top of the piston, it travels downward and pushes out a certain amount of liquid. As soon as you release the pressure, the piston will travel back up to its original position. This process is repeated many times per second.

Piston pumps are quiet and efficient. They have no moving parts and require very little maintenance. They are virtually foolproof and can be used by almost anyone.


Which type of pump is most commonly used?

Diaphragm pumps and turbine pumps are the most commonly used and can be used for both shallow and deep wells. Piston pumps are primarily limited to shallow wells.

In all cases, the selection of a submersible pump will depend on many factors, the two most important of which are: The type of well you are going to put the pump in; and the depth of the well.

What is the cost of a pump?

That depends on the size and type of the pump; and the material used in the pump. The more expensive, the stronger the material used for the pump; and the more powerful the pump.

You see, a powerful pump delivers a lot more water per stroke than a weaker pump. It’s just like an automobile. A strong engine will deliver more power (and mileage) than a weak engine.

What is the function of pump?

A pump basically works by mechanically agitating the water in the pipe/hose, thereby creating a pressure difference between the water in the pipe/hose and the water in the reservoir. This pressure difference gets the water flowing. 

In order for this process to work efficiently, the water in the reservoir must be at a higher pressure than the water in the pipe/hose. Therefore, if you are going to use a submersible well pump, you will need to install a “submersible well pump system”. This is where the real fun begins!

How pump works?

A pump is a device that is used for transferring or moving fluids or gases from one place to another. The working principle of a pump is based on the pressure difference across the device. This difference in pressure is created by forcing a fluid or gas against an obstruction.

The most common type of pump used today is the mechanical pump. It works on the basis of a piston (or similar mechanism) which is forced to move back and forth in a cylinder. This movement creates a high-pressure area inside the cylinder and a low-pressure area outside the cylinder. As the piston moves in one direction, it compresses the fluid or gas inside the cylinder.

Which motor is used in pumps?

The electric pump uses an electric motor. The electric motor turns the impeller which forces the liquid up through the tube and out of the nozzle. 

What are the parts of a pump?

The pump consists of a motor, a drive shaft, a pump housing, an impeller, a suction tube, a discharge tube, a seal, a pressure gauge, a pressure switch, a pressure relief valve, a discharge elbow and a discharge nozzle. The motor is attached to the drive shaft which extends out of the top of the pump housing.


There are many types of pumps that are used for different purposes. Some people like to have a big tank of water while they are doing some activities such as going to the beach or doing some outdoor sports. Some other people just need a small amount of water such as when they are taking a shower or washing their car. 

No matter what type of pump you are using, it is really important to know how to use it properly in order not to waste water. We hope that you have learned a lot from this article and now you will be able to use any type of pump without any problems!