Updated at: 14-09-2021 - By: Lucas

The types of ships that are available in the world are different depending on their size. Larger ships are usually for commercial use and they have more space for storing goods and supplies. Smaller ships are usually used for fishing boats. There are also passenger ships, cargo ships, tankers and many other types of ships.

This is just a small sample of the many types of ships that are available in the world. The type of ship that you need depends on many things such as its purpose, how many people are traveling, and what type of cargo you need to transport.

Handy/ Handymax

Handymax (Handy) ship

A handymax ship is one of the few types of boats that can be operated by one person. It is a flat bottomed boat with two outboard motors. The hull is made from fiberglass and has a length of 8 feet, a width of 2.5 feet and a height of 3.5 feet. It weighs approximately 350 pounds. 

The boat is designed for shallow water operation and for traveling on calm waters. It is easy to handle and store. The maximum speed of this type of boat is 5 knots. This type of boat is ideal for fishing, pleasure boating, and commuting. It is also a good choice for people who want to learn how to operate a boat.


Aframax ship

Aframax ships are the largest vessels in the world.  They are also the most common. They are used for carrying cargo such as coal, ore, and grain. They are so large that they cannot dock at any of the smaller ports. 

They must unload their cargo by means of a massive conveyor system that runs the entire length of the ship. Then, the cargo is distributed to smaller vessels that can access the various ports.

These ships are over 60 meters long and have a beam of almost 10 meters. They have two or three decks and a maximum capacity of around 25,000 tons. The top speed of these monsters is only around 12 knots. That means they can travel a distance of approximately 90 nautical miles in one hour.

Panamax/ New Panamax

Panamax-New Panamax-1

A Panamax ship is the largest type of ship allowed to enter a port in the US. A Panamax ship has a beam (width) of 92 inches or more and a draft (height) of 26 inches or more. These ships can carry the greatest amount of cargo. In fact, they are so big, they are capable of carrying more cargo than any other type of ship.

A typical Panamax ship has a length of 450 to 500 feet and will usually have a capacity of 145,000 to 165,000 deadweight tons. That means they can carry an enormous amount of cargo. This makes them great for transporting cargo over long distances.



The suezmax is the largest ocean-going vessel in the world. It was built by the French company, SAUNIER & SEDOTAY in Monaco and launched in 1987. The official name of the vessel is “LE SUEUR MAJESTE” which means “THE KING OF THE SEAS” in French.

The suezmax is a double-hulled, oil-in-water ship and displaces 63,600 tons. At 164 feet long, it is the longest ship in the world. It has a beam of 53 feet and a draft of 26 feet. The vessel is powered by two MAN 8L40M diesel engines that deliver a total output of 21,200 horsepower. This gives the suezmax a maximum speed of 18 knots.

The ship has a range of approximately 7,000 nautical miles at a cruising speed of 15 knots. It has a capacity to carry a maximum of 154,800 deadweight tons.


Capesize ship

A capsize is when a boat turns over on its side. A boat that has capsized will rest on its keel (the strongest part of the boat) with the hull up and perpendicular to the water. If the boat has not capsized completely, then there will be some leeway for it to right itself. However, if it has capsized completely, then the only way to right it is to force it back onto its keel. This causes all the boat’s weight to bear down on the area where the keel is resting on the water. This can easily cause the boat to break apart or sink.

Capsizes are common. In fact, most boats experience a capsize at some point during their life. However, you should know how to right a capsized boat as soon as possible. If you wait too long, the boat may become waterlogged and heavy. This makes it much more difficult to right. You may have to use an ax or other heavy tool to break up the boat so it will right itself.

VLCC (Very Large Crude Carriers)

VLCC (Very Large Crude Carriers)

A very large crude carrier, or VLCC, is a massive, supertanker-type vessel that is specifically built to transport crude oil. These ships can weigh up to two million tons and have a capacity of about 195,000 barrels. The world’s first VLCC was the SS President Coolidge which was launched in 1944 by the Union Oil Company of California.

The world’s largest crude oil carrier is the Petrolina which is operated by the state-owned Petroleo Brasileiro. This monster of a ship has a capacity of 210,000 barrels and can weigh up to 2.5 million tons. It was built in 1978 and is the third largest ship in the world.

ULCC (Ultra Large Crude Carriers) 

ULCC (Ultra Large Crude Carriers) 

These massive ships are the biggest oil tankers in the world. They can carry 2 million gallons of oil. They are used to transport crude oil from the fields in the Middle East and Africa to refineries all over the world. Some of these ships are almost 200 feet long and nearly 40 feet wide. 

They have a crew of about 40 men to operate them. Each of these huge ships costs about $100,000,000. They are so big and so expensive, it takes two or three of them to equal the capacity of a small tanker. 

These huge ships are like floating cities. There are supermarkets, restaurants, medical clinics, banks, and even a school. They have their own power plant, water treatment facilities, and even a hospital. It’s amazing they even have room for living quarters!



A chinamax ship is a type of cargo ship that was specifically designed to transport bulk quantities of cargo over long distances. Bulk cargo is cargo that is not packaged in individual boxes or containers, such as coal, ore, grain, cement, and so on. 

These types of ships were developed in the 1950s and are still in use today. They are very large and stable vessels. They can carry anywhere from 100,000 to 500,000 deadweight tons. That means they can carry tons and tons of cargo!

A chinamax ship has two parts: The bow section which is the forward part of the ship where the crew and officers live and work and the stern section which is the rear part of the ship where the cargo holds are located. 

Bulk carriers have three main decks: The main deck which is the top level that the cargo is loaded and unloaded with the capstans, the lower deck which is the level that the cargo is actually stored on and the middle deck which is the level that connects the other two.

Q-Max/ Qatar Max 

Q-Max-(Qatar Max) 

This is the world’s first hybrid container ship. It is a combination of a standard 40 foot container ship with a “water tank” on deck. This hybrid design allows it to save up to 90% on fuel costs when compared to a conventional container ship. 

The water tank on the q-max container ship holds up to 100,000 gallons of water. This water is used to cool the engine of the ship during the day and then heated back up at night. This allows the ship to run at a much lower temperature at night, which in turn saves even more on fuel costs.

The ship has two 6-stroke engines that each produce 24,000 horsepower. These engines are connected to a controllable-pitch propeller that is driven by an electric motor. This allows the ship to be controlled from a distance with great precision. The ship also features a bow thruster that can be used to help maneuver the ship into port or to keep the ship steady when unloading or loading the containers.



The malaccamax is a large, it was originally used by Arabs and later by Portuguese and Spanish traders. The word “malacca” comes from the Malay name for the city of Malacca, which is located on the western coast of Malaysia.

The malacca max is a sturdy, seaworthy ship that can withstand the roughest of weather conditions. It’s designed to transport cargo over long distances and can hold a considerable amount of cargo. These ships were used by European traders as far back as the 15th century.



The Seawaymax is the ultimate floating boat dock. It is made of marine-grade, all-welded, chromoly steel and is painted with a non-skid coating. The base is 12-inches square and the entire unit is 24-inches square. 

It can be raised or lowered in steps of 4-inches and has a maximum capacity of 300 pounds. It is equipped with a pneumatic system that operates on either air or water. It also comes with a 100-year limited warranty.

The Seawaymax is ideal for anyone who owns a boat and needs a place to park it when he or she is not using it. It can be used as a floating or a fixed dock. You simply raise or lower it to the desired height and secure it with the included stainless steel pins. The floating feature makes it great for use in or near the ocean.


Why is ship is classified according to size?

There are several reasons. One is that size does play a role in how you use it. Larger ships are not suitable for smaller bodies of water. They are also more difficult to move around, so they are not particularly useful if you are trying to take your kayak on vacation.

And finally, larger boats are just plain harder to manage. They have more horsepower and therefore more inertia. This means you will have to exert more force to get them going in the first place, and then once they are moving, they tend to want to keep going. This makes them more likely to run you down or knock you into the other side of the boat.

What is the largest ship in the world?

The largest ship in the world is a container ship called the Emma Maersk. It is a Danish ship, launched in January 2013, that is 1,302 feet long and has a gross tonnage of 155,000. It can carry 18,150 twenty-foot containers and has a speed of 12 knots.

What is the minimum length of a ship?

The minimum length of a ship is 20 meters (65.6 feet). If your boat is less than 20 meters, it is not considered a “real” powerboat and may be subject to different regulations. For example, in Florida, a powerboat under 20 meters is only required to have two people on board at all times. Also, it does not need to have an engine and a captain.

What is the weight of a ship?

The weight of a ship is expressed in gross tons. It is the total weight of the ship plus the total weight of the cargo. 

For example, a ship with a gross tonnage (GT) of 200 tons has a total weight of 400 tons. If that same ship is carrying a cargo of 100 tons, the weight of the ship is still 200 tons and the weight of the cargo is 300 tons.

How is LDT calculated on a ship?

On most ships today, the LDT is calculated using what is called a ship’s draught meter. This is an electronic device that measures the draught of the ship.

The way it works is by dropping a weighted rope or chain into a container filled with water and measuring how far it sinks. The amount of water in the container is equal to the depth of the vessel being measured.

LDT readings are usually given as a percentage of the ship’s draught. For example, a LDT reading of 40% means the ship is only 1/2 submerged. A LDT reading of 60% would mean the ship is 1-1/2 submerged and so on. The higher the LDT reading, the less the ship is underwater. The LDT is one of the best ways to measure a ship’s ability to float.


There are many types of ships that have different sizes. The size of the ship affects its speed, cargo capacity and other various aspects of the ship.

You should know about the different types of ships and their sizes in order to make a smart decision when you are choosing which type of boat you want to buy.

Hope you like this article!