Tanker Types And Which Are Best

A tanker truck is a big truck that carries liquids like gasoline, oil or other fuel. They are used to transport a large amount of liquid at one time. These types of trucks are very common in the U.S. and other developed countries. But, they are also used in developing countries to transport water and other liquids.

This article will discuss about the different types of tanker trucks that you should know about.

Oil Tankers

Oil Tankers

An oil tanker is a large, round, cylindrical tank used to transport petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel. These tanks are made of thick, heavy, and durable material and are designed to withstand the rigors of transporting oil over long distances. They have a capacity of anywhere from 10,000 gallons to 200,000 gallons.

Oil tankers are used all over the world by a wide variety of companies and individuals. They are also used as mobile offices and living quarters. Some are even turned into floating casinos!

Product Tankers


A product tanker is a semi-truck that is designed to haul large, bulky items. These items are usually manufactured in a plant and then trucked to a distribution center. Once there, the product is put into individual containers and then shipped to stores or warehouses.

Product tankers can hold anywhere from 15,000 to 40,000 gallons of liquid. This allows them to transport huge amounts of a wide variety of products. They can carry everything from gasoline to detergent to coffee to chocolate. Basically, anything that can be poured or sucked can be transported in a product tanker.

Crude Tankers

Crude tankers

A crude tanker is a large, tank-like ship designed to transport oil or other petroleum products. Crude tankers are usually built with an extremely strong hull and are fitted with a very effective flotation system. They have a wide beam, flat bottoms, and are equipped with stern breakers. These ships can carry anywhere from 2,000 to 10,000 barrels of oil and typically work in convoys.

Crude tankers are used all over the world and you see them everywhere you go at sea. They are used to offload their cargo onto smaller tankers or shore-based storage tanks. When this happens, the crude tanker will then proceed to another destination to load up with more crude oil.

Gas Tankers

Gas Tankers

A gas tanker is a large truck that is designed to transport liquid petroleum products such as gasoline. These types of trucks are often used by gas stations or large corporations that need to transport large amounts of fuel. 

The gas tanks on these trucks are typically located in the rear of the vehicle and are secured by multiple safety straps. They are also secured by a locking mechanism on the tailgate. These trucks can weigh up to 100,000 pounds and have a maximum cargo capacity of approximately 40,000 gallons.

The gas tanks themselves are made of thick, heavy-gauge steel and have an insulation package that is designed to withstand harsh conditions. They are also equipped with a shutoff valve and relief valves. These valves are there in case the tank ever gets too full or starts to rupture. They are also equipped with a temperature gauge that lets the driver know when the contents of the tank is getting too hot to be transported.

Chemical Tanker


A chemical tanker is a large truck designed to haul hazardous materials like gasoline, kerosene, etc. The tank itself is usually made of thick, steel-reinforced polyethylene. It has a hinged lid that can be opened to pour or siphon material out of the tank.

There are many different types of chemical tanks, but the most common ones have a capacity of approximately 2,000 gallons. Some of the larger models can hold up to 9,000 gallons. These tanks are very heavy and are mounted on a suspension system. The suspension system consists of air springs, leaf-type shock absorbers, and sometimes coil-type shock absorbers.

Hydrogen Tankers

Hydrogen Tankers

A hydrogen tanker is a large vehicle with a tank for transporting hydrogen gas. Hydrogen gas is very unstable and can cause explosions if it comes into contact with air. Therefore, it must be stored under pressure in a safe container. Hydrogen is used in a number of ways including as an automotive fuel, a rocket propellant, and a chemical feedstock.

Because of its explosive nature, hydrogen must be handled with care. That’s why it is transported in a tanker truck. You should only use these vehicles for their intended purpose. Do not attempt to drive one unless you are trained and certified to do so. Even then, do not drive one on public roads or highways. Use them only on private property where you have permission to do so.

Juice Tankers


A juice tanker is a vehicle designed to haul large amounts of fresh fruit or vegetable juice from a processing plant or distributor to a retail outlet. These vehicles are equipped with an insulated tank that holds several hundred gallons of liquid. The tank is mounted on a frame that allows it to be towed by a standard pick-up truck.

The juice is then pumped into a series of flexible hoses that run from the tank to the dispensing nozzles that are attached to the sides of the container. The juice is dispensed through a simple valve at the end of each hose. This type of machine is very efficient at pumping the juice and only uses a fraction of the energy required to dispense the same amount of gas.

Wine Tankers


A wine tanker is a large, box-shaped vehicle with a hinged lid on top. It is designed to haul a substantial amount of liquid and has a capacity of anywhere from 500 gallons up to 3,000 gallons. You can use it to transport oil, chemicals, water, wine, or any other liquid. Wine tankers are commonly used by wineries and distilleries to transport their products to distributors and retailers.

They are also used by individuals who want to make sure they have a ready supply of clean drinking water in their homes. You can find these vehicles for sale at auction or you can buy one from a private party. The latter is usually the best option because they will have been well taken care of and you won’t have to worry about maintenance.

Single Hull Tankers


A single hull tanker is simply a tanker that has only one layer of steel on the bottom of the tank. This makes it extremely strong and very unlikely to leak. In fact, single hull tankers are so strong, they can even transport oil in water.

They also have a much lower center of gravity which makes them very stable. This makes them safer to drive and easier to park. Single hull tankers have a maximum capacity of between 15 and 20 thousand gallons.

Double Hull Tankers

Double Hull Tankers

Double-hull tankers are used by the military and a few civilian companies for transporting hazardous materials.  They have an external layer of thick steel that completely surrounds the hull of the tanker. This external steel layer helps to prevent any hazardous material from leaking out of the tanker.

The double-hull design also provides a very significant advantage when it comes to seagoing conditions. When the tanker is underway, there is very little leeway for waves and rough water to come up and hit the side of the tanker. Because the sides of the tanker are so well protected, the tanker is able to maintain its stability at sea even when waves are crashing all around it.


What is the difference between a full-service and a prepaid tank?

A full-service tank only has room for one kind of fuel. In other words, it’s not “pre-mixed”. Most often, this means you are limited to diesel or gasoline. A “premix” tank can hold a mixture of different fuels.

How is an oil tanker load?

It depends on the tanker, but most tanker loads are between 80,000 and 100,000 barrels.

A typical supertanker has a capacity of about 135,000 barrels. That means a tanker would have to carry about 1/3 (135,000 ÷ 100,000. of its full cargo to deliver 100,000 barrels.

What is the biggest tanker load?

The biggest tanker load is around 150,000 barrels! That’s the equivalent of about 9,000 gallons of fuel.

Which is better, container ships or tankers?

Tankers are bigger than container ships, so they can carry much more fuel. But they use more fuel themselves because they are slower. Container ships are better for carrying smaller amounts of fuel. 

Which type of ship you choose depends on how much fuel you need to carry and how much you want to pay for shipping. Bigger ships are cheaper to operate, but they use more fuel. Smaller ships are more expensive to operate, but they use less fuel.

If you do a lot of business by freight, you should talk with your local agents and find out what type of vessels they use most often. If possible, rent or charter a ship that is already in operation so you will know what to expect. 

Agents are usually very willing to help you with this. It’s worth asking. It will save you money! By the way, tankers are also used for transporting oil, but that’s a different story. You don’t need to know about that here. 


A tanker is a big vehicle that carries liquid fuel such as gasoline or oil. They are also used to carry other materials like water or a slurry.

There are different kinds of tankers that have different features. Knowing about these different types of tankers will help you choose the right one for your needs.

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