Volkswagen car is a new German automobile. It was first designed and engineered by the german engineer Ferdinand Porsche in 1931.The idea behind this design is to build an affordable car for people who want a reliable, comfortable vehicle that will be able to easily maintain even at home.
In this article, I will be giving you a brief information about different types of Volkswagen
Types of Volkswagen
The Beetle is known as the people’s car or the common man’s car due to its unique bodystyle and affordable price, especially for that time. It has sold over 21 million units since it was first produced.
The Beetle was originally designed to be rear-engined but due to the company’s plan that aimed at mass production, they decided to place it in a more central position behind the front wheels.
Its engine is air cooled 4-cylinder boxer type which is powered by a carburetor and produces about 40 h.p.
Volkswagen Karmann Ghia
The Karmann Ghia is known as the “cabriolet for people with sense”. It has a stylish design with its half-top covering the luggage space. The bodywork of this car was based on the chassis of VW Beetle which means that it doesn’t need to make any modification in order to fit on the beetle’s chassis. It has front wheel drive, rear swing-axle suspension and a 1600cc 4-cylinder boxer engine.
The car is basically designed to be a roadster but it has been used as a coupe and few models of this car were built with an automatic transmission which make it the first ever Volkswagen model to have an automatic transmission.
This is an upgrade of the previous Beetle and it has a rear panel resembling that of Porsche 911. It first showed in 1970 and has already sold over 3 million units worldwide since then. The design for this car was done by Giorgetto Giugiaro who also did the Golf GTi and Scirocco.
Mechanically, this car is similar to Beetle and it has the same 4-cylinder engine but now it produces about 30bhp more than its predecessor at 1,600cc capacity. It has a front wheel drive system with the added of independent rear suspension.
Classic Volkswagen: Volkswagen Type 3 Fastback 1965, Volkswagen Camper Van T1, VW Karmann Ghia , 1970 car design by N.Togliatti Design
Volkswagen Golf GTi
This is a sport’s hatchback which is known as the original hot-hatch. It has rear wheel drive and front wheel suspension system with anti-roll bar. The engine is a 1587cc inline-4 which can produce 115bhp.
This car was designed to handle well and be fast on the racing track. It is one of the first cars from Volkswagen to have 4-wheel disc brakes, independent suspension and multi-link rear axle instead of conventional leaf springs. This model appears on the Gran turismo video game series.
Volkswagen Golf GTD
The Golf GTD is the newest and most powerful Golf. The car comes with excellent options like 17 inch alloy wheels, a touch screen entertainment system, Bluetooth connectivity, panoramic moonroof, automatic climate control and much more.
The Golf GTD is a stylish car with features like front fog lights, sport tuned suspension and dual tone interior. The 3 liter V6 engine can produce up to 182 hp of power at 5400 rpm which allows you to cruise through traffic easily.
Volkswagen Golf Mk1
Volkswagen Golf Mk1 was a small family car. The first two generations were actually called the Rabbit in North America and Caribe in Latin American countries, and later generations have been named Golf in all markets.
The Mk1 Golf is a front-wheel drive, front-engined replacement for the air-cooled, rear-engined, rear wheel drive Volkswagen Beetle. Unlike its predecessor, which was once described as “the perfect car”, the Mk1 Golf has become generally regarded as being more practical and comfortable than fun to drive with many owners preferring their older cars, although the Mk1 Golf has since become quite collectible with early models becoming high priced sought after commodities.
Volkswagen Golf Mk2
Volkswagen Golf MK2 was introduced in 1983 and lasted until 1991 when it received a facelift and was renamed to Mark 3. It is based on the mk1 Golf with a widened front track, new larger bumpers and a more rounded look to the rear of the car.
The Mk2 Golf was available with 1.3 L, 1.6 L and 1.8 L petrol engines as well as 1.8 L diesel engines, or 2.1 L diesel and 2.2 L petrol engines both of which were available as supercharged G60 powerplants. The Mk2 Golf became Volkswagen’s best-seller, with over 13 million sold.
Volkswagen Golf Mk3
Volkswagen introduced the MK3 Golf in 1992 and it was produced until early 1997 when it was replaced by the MK4 model. It featured a modern rounded look to the design along with improved aerodynamics, safety features and quality.
It was also available as a three or five door hatchback, unlike its predecessor which only came as a three door. This model was the most popular of all Golfs, with sales of over 8 million worldwide. The MK3 Golf is still being produced in South Africa, where it has been since its introduction.
Touran is a compact MPV (multi-purpose vehicle) with seven or five seats and available as either front wheel, all wheel drive or front wheel, four wheel drive. It was designed under Volkswagen Group’s multi brand modus operandi for sharing platforms, major components and aims to be perceived as a family oriented car.
The Passat is a large family car. It was first introduced in 1973 and it received many redesigns till the Mk4 generation which came out in 1996. The Passat was one of the first cars to have a computerized engine management system called Digifant. The latest Passat is available as a four door saloon and estate.
The first model was available with a 1.5 L engine and an optional 2.0 L, which are both adequate for the size of car they power. The new Passat is great in handling as well as fuel economy. It has a 4-cylinder diesel or petrol TSI engines with turbocharger, with power outputs between 110 and 220 PS and torque outputs of 280 to 350 Nm. This helps accelerate the car from 0 to 62 mph in less than 8 seconds.
Volkswagen Passat B1
Volkswagen introduced the Passat Variant (B1) in 1981, one year after its saloon sibling. Being one of the most significant models in VW’s history, it was imported to many markets under various other names including Audi 4000/100.
Initially available only with an inline-four engine, Volkswagen’s traditional layout was abandoned in favour of a front-wheel drive A platform that would be used almost exclusively by the company. It was available with 1,588 cc and 1,798 cc engines producing 55 PS (40 kW) and 75 PS (55 kW), respectively.
Later, a turbocharged version of the 1.8 became available producing 110 PS (81 kW). In 1984 model year, electronic ignition was introduced along with front disc brakes and 5-speed gearbox (4-speed in the 1.3 and 1.6). In late 1982, a four wheel drive version of the Passat appeared using a 2WD converted gearbox and differential from ZF Friedrichshafen. It was called the Volkswagen Iltis which is derived from the German name for the Eurasian lynx.
The Tiguan is a compact SUV. Tiguan is the German name for the Tiger and also coincidentally refers to an extinct prehistoric cat. The car comes with features like Xenon Headlights, 19 inch alloy wheels,four wheel disk brakes and much more.
The design of the Tiguan is a bit more adventurous than its other counterparts, due to its sharp lines and unusual interior dashboard placement. However it’s worth in terms of safety features and fuel efficiency is another matter altogether.
The Tiguan does not feature stability control and traction control systems as standard which makes it hard to drive safely in inclement weather or on wet roads.
The Tiguan is available with 2 engine options: 1.4 liter 4 cylinder MPI turbocharged producing 805 Nm of torque up to 200 km per hour, and 2.0 liter MPI producing 16 valve power of 280hp, and comes with a 7 speed DSG transmission system which is standard on the top end versions.
The Volkswagen Tarek is a SUV. The vehicle comes with two engine options: 2.5 liter V-6 producing up to 200HP of power and 3.2 liter V-6 producing approximately 250hp of power, both having automatic transmission system (DSG)
The car also comes with sophisticated safety features like Anti lock braking system(ABS), Electronic stability control(ESP), airbags and driver’s airbag.
The Volkswagen Vento has recently been launched. The car comes with new modifications and is powered by a new 1.5 engine producing 120PS of power at 5200rpm and 2.0 litre V-6 TDI engine producing 140PS of power at 4000 rpm along with a 6 speed gearbox from Aisin Warner(AWM).
Volkswagen Beetle Convertible
The Beetle convertible is a compact 4 passenger two door coupe with a fabric soft top which can be folded down. It has an MSRP of $22,499 and comes as standard features like Radio/Cassette player, 16 inch slot-spoke alloy wheels, front power windows/mirrors, sport bucket seats & keyless entry. The car originates from Germany, and is known for its safe driving and economical fuel consumption.
The Beetle is a stylish car with features like fog lights, chrome door handles, stylized wheels and halogen headlights. It has power steering coupled with the 4 cylinder engine which helps you to weave through traffic easily. The convertible comes in two engine options: the 2.0 liter MPI which can produce up to 150 hp of power and a 5 speed manual transmission system, and the 1.4 liter turbocharged engine which makes 200 HP @ 5250 rpm and comes with a 7 speed DSG gearbox.
Volkswagen Jetta is one among the various types of volkswagen which is an automobile that has a rear-wheel drive. The Jetta was manufactured by Volkswagen since 1979 and its production stopped in 2006. It was released on 1982 as a replacement for Volkswagen’s entry-level model, type 34/364 and it had the same shape as well as mechanical components. It was in the year 1985 that Jetta’s name then became associated with its particular body style.
The Jetta features a front-engine and front wheel drive layout, as well as manual or automatic transmission. The type of transmission used is gearbox which directs power to the front wheels of the car and it is an all-wheel-drive system. It also has a four-wheel disc brakes which enable the driver to adjust the brake force according to the amount of pressure applied on the pedal by him and it has a permanent all wheel drive.
Volkswagen Jetta GLI
The Jetta GLI is a compact family sedan with features like 16 inch alloy wheels, dual tone interior, sport tuned suspension and electronic stability control system.
Jetta GLI gives you plenty of airbags and features like 4 wheel disk brakes, xenon headlights & leather seats.
The Jetta has 1.8 liter turbocharged engine which produces up to 170 hp of power and it is available in both manual and automatic transmission systems.
What is the best car to have in VW?
The answer may vary based on your preferences. However, most people would consider Jetta as the best vehicle from this brand as it has steady response and comes with great performance.
Volkswagen car models are loved by a lot of automobile lovers. This is because the various VW cars have varied engine options and their maintenance costs are also affordable. The different models that make up this brand cater to people from all walks of life and give best in terms of mileage as well as performance. These cars can be utilized by all families as they come in different styles with a variety of engines.
Which kind of transmission can be used for VW?
It depends upon the variant that you are going to buy. Some of the variants have automatic transmission while others come with manual transmission system.
Volkswagen models have been a trendsetter in the automobile industry since its inception. The cars are admired by car enthusiasts all over the world for their excellent engineering, comfort and safety features.
What are the best features of VW?
Basically, all its variants come with a 2 liter engine that can power up to 200 horsepower. The car has plenty of airbags and other safety systems such as anti lock braking system(ABS), Electronic stability control(ESP) & driver’s airbag. The best features of these cars are: powerful performance, great safety, strong engine and better fuel economy.
Volkswagen cars are one of the most selling brands in the world. When you buy a VW, you can be ensured about your choice as these cars offer superb performance and great comfort as well. These cars are available in various engine options, body styles & transmission systems for the ease of consumers. We hope that the article on types of volkswagen was helpful for you.