A Station Wagon or simply Wagon is an automotive body style that has an integrated cargo area with one or more rows of seating. In this article, we are going to go through the different types of wagons.
What Is a Wagon Car
Wagon is a car body style, the storage space behind the seats can be rear- or all-wheel drive. Station wagons have evolved from their early use as specialized vehicles to carry people and baggage to and from a train station, into full-fledged family vehicles.
Station wagons also share similar structural underpinnings with vans. Resistive elements within the body structure, such as the roof bow or side rail, help maintain the desired shape of the body over the cargo area.
Station wagon has evolved through various generations from some versions of the sedan (saloon) configuration, today it is primarily an alternative to small SUVs and minivans as a family-size vehicle in North America, and to medium MPVs in Europe.
Station wagons can typically be distinguished from sedans, coupes and hatchbacks by their full-height or higher openings behind the rear doors. Station wagons also offer a large, mostly flat cargo area with little or no rear seat – hence they are similar to some SUVs in this regard, only normally with more passenger seats than their truck based counterparts.
Station wagon also began to evolve in the early 1920s from lightweight, enclosed-body prototypes like the 1921 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost Town Car and 1922 Isotta Fraschini Spider Veloce. These, soon known as “woodies”, evoked America’s emerging love affair with all things mechanical and served as popular transportation for vacationers, family outings and delivery services.
Station wagons have evolved from their early use as specialized vehicles to carry people and baggage between train stations into effective family vehicles; the two-box configuration has become increasingly impractical in an era when most people travel by car rather than train, such stations wagons are rarely used for their original purpose today (although they are still used to carry baggage) and instead evolved into fully equipped, multi-purpose vehicles.
Types of Wagons
Mercedes-Benz E-Class Wagon
The E-Class Wagon has a self-supporting, reinforced plastic roof and is available with a panorama sunroof (first introduction in the automotive industry). Behind the rear seat backrests there is an additional storage compartment for ski or golf equipment. The E-Class Wagon offers a maximum load capacity of 1,615 litres (53.0 cu ft).
The suspension of all Wagon models employs an Airmatic air suspension with automatic self-leveling function, which provides optimum ride comfort as well as precise vehicle body control at all times. The load-bearing engine, transmission, and front drive axle are supported by struts. At the rear, the multilink arrangement with self-leveling function (Airmatic air suspension) is employed to support the load-bearing engine and rear drive axles.
Mercedes-Benz Wagon offerings, E-Class , CLS-Class and R-Class , have lower body sides than sedan versions but retain full-size doors with glass windows that swing up to open over the front wheel housings, a design known as suicide doors.
Mini Cooper S Clubman
This Mini has a 8.6 inches longer wheelbase than regular Mini Coopers, and will be available with either manual or automatic transmission. The Clubman is the basis for a number of new models including the John Cooper Works GP concept car and Countryman (sports utility vehicle).
British Motor Corporation used the name Countryman for a station wagon body variant of its popular 1970s-onward small family cars, principally the Austin/Morris Mini and Maxi models.
The Volvo V90 is a five-door station wagon. The exterior dimensions of the vehicle are very similar to those of the previous generation Volvo V70 estate, with slight tweaks made to the appearance and features.
One important distinction from its predecessor is the position of its engine: unlike its predecessor, which used front wheel drive, the V90 is all-wheel drive.
BMW 3 Series Sport Wagon
BMW 3 Series Sport Wagon is the first all-wheel drive wagon in its class.
A new four stage traction control system prevents excessive wheel spin by intervening early on during a wheelspin, or by reducing engine power if there is no chance of regaining control. The BMW 3 Series Sport Wagon features an xDrive permanent all-wheel drive system that uses a separate multi-plate clutch to engage the rear wheels. The amount of torque transferred to the rear wheels can be varied by a proportioning control, which varies with the speed at which the transmission is operating. BMW xDrive all-wheel drive system was developed and is produced in Munich.
In front-wheel drive mode, it allows for more agile handling when driven in normal conditions and is also eligible for tax benefits in many countries around the world.
Audi A4 Allroad
The Audi A4 Allroad is a five-door station wagon offered in front-wheel drive or quattro four-wheel drive. The allroad was the first station wagon from Audi and has no direct equivalent.
The Audi A4 Allroad is distinguished from the A4 by its ride height, body cladding and wheel arch extensions. The interior features a special instrument cluster with a compass display in place of the tachometer and an ambient temperature gauge on the center console.
In addition to the standard equipment available on other Audi models, it was fitted with aluminium skid plates, a unique interior and the following items as standard:A six zone climate controlled air conditioning system with pollen filter, 16″ five twin spoke alloy wheels in Venezia silver finish, Bose sound system (400 Watts), Front mud flaps and rear mud flaps designed especially for the vehicle.
Ford Expedition EL Wagon
The Ford Expedition EL is a full-size sport utility vehicle with front wheel drive and optional four wheel drive. The second row of seats in the previous generation Ford Expedition are split 50/50, fitted to two individual sliders that each can be folded up independently from one another.
The new second row seats in the Ford Expedition EL are more akin to that of a minivan in their use and operation, as they do not fold up independently from one another, but rather slide forward into floor wells (with an optional rear seat entertainment system (RES) lift feature), or can be locked out of sight underneath the load floor area. In addition, these seats are not as deep as the previous design, and can be more easily removed for cleaning or replacement.
The Expedition EL is also a smaller wagon than its predecessor. It is nearly four inches shorter overall and approximately three inches less in height when comparing the roofline of each vehicle, as well as being six inches narrower.
Porsche Panamera Sport Turismo
The Porsche Panamera Sport Turismo is a high performance station wagon with seating for four.
It was designed as an alternative to the Cayenne SUV, which is larger and heavier, but also more expensive, and shares many of its mechanical components. The Sport Turismo’s design borrows fewer design cues from other models than do other Panameras, and has a sleeker profile than the sloping roof lines of its siblings.
The body is made from an aluminum-steel mix to keep weight at 3,720 pounds (1,680 kg). Porsche claims that the car can reach 60 miles per hour (97 km/h) in 5.2 seconds when fitted with the PDK transmission and 550 hp (410 kW) total engine output.
Like the Panamera sedan, the Sport Turismo is fitted with a turbocharged 4-litre V8 with twin-turbos and direct injection. The Panamera Turbo has a power output of 570 hp and 553 lb·ft of torque (750 N·m) and can accelerate from 0 to 60 miles per hour (97 km/h) in 4.1 seconds.
The Sport Turismo features an automatic rear spoiler that lowers at a speed of 37 mph (60 km/h). The spoiler rises if the vehicle reaches speeds above 58 mph (94 km/h), but it is manually adjustable.
Volvo C30 Sportwagon
The Volvo C30 Sportwagon is a station wagon version of the second generation Volvo C30 and was launched in 2011, two years after the regular saloon/sedan version (the front part of the roof is made from aluminum). The car is only available with a five-speed automatic transmission.
The C30 Sportwagon is 207 mm longer than the standard C30.
Like the V70 / XC70 and S80 / V90, the C30 also has front-wheel drive; it can nevertheless be equipped with matte chrome or polished stainless steel decorative trim pieces along the lower edges of the front bumper.
The Swedish firm offers a choice of three diesel engines: 2.0 litre D4, 2.0 litre D5 and 1.6 litre TDI suitable for use in Euro 5 emission standards markets only.The Sportwagon is only available with all-wheel drive (AWD).
Volkswagen Golf SportWagen
The Volkswagen Golf SportWagen is a five-door station wagon marketed by Volkswagen as the fifth generation of their Golf line, and not to be confused with the Jetta SportWagen. It is based on the Volkswagen Golf Mk5, with a lengthened rear body to accommodate for additional storage of luggage and other items. It was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show.
It is expected that it will be replaced by a version of the Touran when it becomes due for replacement. The SportWagen will continue as part of the Golf lineup for the next few years, but it is likely a new, larger model will take over.
The SportWagen has more cargo space than the sedan (451 L vs. 420 L).
Pininfarina Cambiano is a concept car from the Italian design house Pininfarina. It has been designed with an innovative combination of materials and technologies, including carbon fiber body panels, aluminum and special polymers filling both structural and aesthetic roles. From the outside, the Pininfarina Cambiano is clearly related to the Maserati Quattroporte C Cambiano concept car that was presented at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.
The Cambiano has two side doors for rear passengers, suicide doors hinged on B-pillar like many classic Porsches and Ferraris. The vehicle is also built on a long wheelbase, uncommon among modern vehicles, but helped by the fact that it is a design study.
The Difference Between a Wagon, a Van, and an SUV
A lot of people say that there are no differences. But they’re wrong! Here’s the breakdown:
– A wagon is usually smaller than both vans and SUVs. It has four doors, or sometimes two doors on each side, for passengers to get in and out easily.
– A van is larger than a wagon but smaller than an SUV; it can hold up to nine passengers (usually five adults) comfortably with plenty of room in the back for luggage or groceries.
– An SUV—sometimes called a “sport utility vehicle”—is bigger still; it typically seats six adults plus two children in safety seats behind them. In addition to these six, it can carry a lot of cargo as well.
Most wagons are smaller than most vans; the smallest vans are bigger than the largest wagons. In modern times, however, many cars have more SUV-like styling. Especially higher ground clearance and larger wheels and so they fall somewhere between a wagon and a van/SUV in size.
Frequently-Asked Questions (FAQ)
Are wagon seats power or cloth?
They can be either one. Power is more expensive, but cloth is less comfortable. It really depends on what you’re looking for.
Are station wagons faster or slower than sedans?
The type of vehicle (coupe, sedan, hatchback) and engine do not affect the speed of a car. A station wagon has more cargo space than a sedan, and it can tow light trailers as well. Station wagons are often used as family cars because they have plenty of room for passengers, luggage or pets, but still drive like normal sedans when not carrying large loads.
Are station wagons good for families?
Yes, a station wagon has plenty of room for passengers and luggage or pets. Since it is a wagon, it has more space in the back for passengers than a sedan. Station wagons are often used as family cars because they have plenty of room for passengers, luggage or pets, but still drive like normal sedans when not carrying large loads. They’re also good for long road trips with cargo or a lot of passengers.
Station wagons are a great choice for families. They are bigger than sedans, but still drive like normal cars when not carrying large items or many passengers. This article has shown the different types of wagons and their features.